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We’re starting a new staff profile series where we profile a different staff member every month so you can get to know the people working behind the scenes.This month we're introducing Yasumi!Photo by Tamar Haytayan.Yasumi has worked for Line 21 since the summer of 2007...

In "Which sounds are significant? Towards a rhetoric of closed captioning," Sean Zdenek argues that captioning is an interpretive practice where caption quality can be assessed in terms of genre, audience, context, and purpose. "A rhetoric of closed captioning goes beyond questions of accuracy, timing, and...

In Smells Like New Mayonnaise To Me: Captioning/Subtitling Music, I talk about how, when I first started captioning and was peer-reviewing a co-worker's work, I saw this go by on the screen: I feel like my head is gone And what the hell is going onAnd it...

Combined Dialogue and Action Continuity Scripts (also called Combined Continuity and Spotting Lists or CCSLs) are the most difficult and expensive scripts to prepare.It’s often a hassle to order CCSLs near the end of a project and dedicate a large chunk of your budget on...

 What Is Closed Captioning? talks about the difference between closed captioning and subtitling by explaining that closed captioning is meant for a non-hearing audience while subtitling assumes that the audience can hear but doesn't understand the language being spoken. This means that subtitles include just what...

Photo by Chelsea DavisFilmmakers need to future proof their media and according to a recent article in Variety, most aren't even considering this.Acad sounds alarm about fragility of digital prod’n suggests that filmmakers don’t consider future proofing, and that with our current explosion and implosion...

1. Take 4 Passes (At Least). It takes, at minimum, 4 passes to accurately caption media. (What's the difference between subtitling and captioning?). The 4 passes are as follows:Transcribe accurately what is being said, with punctuation, spelling, and the write words [sic]. Phrase your transcript into...

A great transcript can be the basis of all kinds of other materials, including your captioning, web extras (interview transcripts! out-takes!), and subtitling. As anyone who has ever tried to transcribe their own footage knows, it’s harder than it seems. Add in shot descriptions, music...

Welcome to Fall!The strategies we use to manage our time are top of mind this time of year, as work schedules heat up, the kids go back to school and film festivals begin. Not only does better time management mean less stress, but it also...

When I first started captioning, I worked on a team of captioners which peer-reviewed each other's work. One day, I watched this go by on a co-worker's show:I feel like my head is goneAnd what the hell is going onAnd it smells like new mayonnaise...